suicide — major no no

Salamu Alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakhtu

Imaam,
Hope your well,I have a question..Why is suicide haram?

Time: Sunday February 14, 2010 at 9:42 pm

Answer: وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

We likewise hope you are also in the best of spritual health. We thank you for entrusting us with your querry.

Islam demands that we protect the following aspects relating to our existence: Our religion (faith and all that which is linked to it), our life, resources (wealth), human dignity, honor and intellect.

A person committing suicide in essence is taking away their own life, depriving themselves of the honorable position Allah has bestowed upon them. Our life belongs to Allah the Greatest. He shall take our life when He so appoints for its taking. For us to do so is amongst the major sins, albeit one yet remains a Muslim.

Allah (SWT) states in the holy Quran:

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَأۡڪُلُوٓاْ أَمۡوَٲلَكُم بَيۡنَڪُم بِٱلۡبَـٰطِلِ إِلَّآ أَن تَكُونَ تِجَـٰرَةً عَن تَرَاضٍ۬ مِّنكُمۡ‌ۚ وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوٓاْ أَنفُسَكُمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمۡ رَحِيمً۬ا

Oh you who believe, do not devour one another’s wealth unjustly except in trade by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves. Verity, Allah is to you all most Merciful.

وَمَن يَقۡتُلۡ مُؤۡمِنً۬ا مُّتَعَمِّدً۬ا فَجَزَآؤُهُ ۥ جَهَنَّمُ خَـٰلِدً۬ا فِيہَا وَغَضِبَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡهِ وَلَعَنَهُ ۥ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُ ۥ عَذَابًا عَظِيمً۬ا

And whoever kills a believer intentionally – his (her) remuneration is Hell, wherein (s)he will abide eternally and Allah has become angry with him (her) and has cursed him(her) and has prepared for him(her) a great punishment.

  • Imaam Bukari narrated that Jundab (RA) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) outlined: ‘A man was inflicted with wounds and he committed suicide, and so Allah (Subhanahu Wata’Ala) said: My slave has caused death upon himself hastily, so I forbid Paradise for him.’
  • Also narrated from Sayidinah Abu Huraira (RA)

That Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) stated: ‘Whoever purposely throws him(her)self from a mountain and kills him(her)self will remain in the (Hell) Fire falling down into it and abiding therein perpetually forever; and whoever drinks poison and kills himself with it, (s)he will be carrying his poison in his(her) hand and drinking it in the (Hell) Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever; and whoever kills (her)himself with an iron weapon, will be carrying that weapon in (her) his hand and stabbing his abdomen with it in the (Hell) Fire wherein (s)he will abide eternally forever.’

Persons seeking suicide as an option, do so as a result of them lacking the ability to cope with matters that confront them. Our life is a test from Allah the Greatest. Regardless of the amount of wealth, social prestige, education, etc.  we attain, we would always be lacking in something or the other. To be effective Muslims, we must learn to deal with all situations in a rational manner. In order to attain a higher rank in the Sight of Allah, we must accept our condition and try to improve it by making better choices and always opting to do good deeds.  This is what gives us our true religious identity and spiritual strength.

Allah Certainly Knows Best.

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7 responses to “suicide — major no no

  1. السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

    Whenever I’m feeling down or depressed about something, I’ve found that reading just a few pages for just a few minutes of this book has really helped to elevate my spirits.

    InshAllah it’ll do the same for those that have their ups and downs in life.

    Don’t Be Sad by Aaidh ibn Abdullah Al-Qarni

    Follow the below link to get the completely free e-book.

    http://www.dont-be-sad-alqarni.com/

    Also, the following quote is a brief summary about the book:

    At a time in which the Muslims are beset with trials from every periphery and within, comes this heartening book rooted in the commandments of Allah (swt), the Sunnah and the excellent guidance and examples of the Muslims that have come before us.

    Don’t Be Sad is an absolute must-read for all people. It is full of practical advice on how to replace sadness with a pragmatic and ultimately satisfying Islamic outlook on life. It exposes to the modern reader how Islam teaches us to deal with the tests and tribulations of this world.

    So, take heart and hold firmly onto the rope of Allah (swt).

    This site also provides great advice for coping with hard times:
    https://islaminaction.wordpress.com/2008/10/16/coping-with-hard-times

    و السلام

  2. Interesting, will a Muslim who commits suicide enter paradise eventually for having testified to God’s oneness?

      • I see, Jazakullah Khair for correcting me.

        Wasalam.

      • السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
        Wait Im confused Imaam Bukari narrated that Jundab (RA) reports that Rasulullah (SAW) outlined: ‘A man was inflicted with wounds and he committed suicide, and so Allah (SWT) said: My slave has caused death upon himself hastily, so I forbid Paradise for him.’ Here it says paradise is forbidden than why can they still go?

        • Good observation/question:
          This hadith is outlining the severity of suicide. The hate our religion has for it. Paradise would not be achieved easily for the person committing it. Jannah would be attained only after a great long duration of hurt in jahanam. The length of time in jahanam would be so great that it may result for the self- killer to be amongst the last of persons to be removed from hell.
          Hope this helps.

  3. The hadith stated by Abu Hurairah (RA) says, “perpetually forever” and “eternally forever” and the hadith stated by Jundab (RA) about where Allah says ‘My slave has caused death upon himself hastily, so I forbid Paradise for him.’
    Since we’re all slaves of Allah (whether we want to admit it or not and through that, be humble with our lives and bear the hardships with sabr is another matter), the hadith applies to all people because, first: the Prophet of Islam (SAW) was sent for all mankind and
    second: this life is a test, and if you terminate yourself, it’s like not showing up the day of the exam or your work because “it’s too hard” and we “give up” and then expecting an A or your salary or in this case, Jannah.
    The Qur’an says, “Verily with hardship follows ease, with hardship follows ease” which means with after enduring 1 hardship we get 2 reliefs or comforts. The saying ‘blessing in disguise’ can’t be more true than when applied with this ayah in terms of hardship.
    Also, another ayah says close meaning, ‘Allah does not put on a soul a burden that it cannot bear’…inshAllah the scholars could give you the exact ayah.
    There might be a get out of jail free card, but last I checked, I haven’t seen a “get out of life free” one.
    May Allah protect all of us from such evil and destructive thoughts as to taking our own lives. Ameen

    PS: it’d be pretty pointless to lead a good life if we could just use a get out of life free card and then expect Paradise…for what?
    Like the saying goes, “you can’t expect something from nothing”.

    I ask someone to correct me if I have said anything that is contradictory or wrong, not just so I can be corrected, but also so I too can learn as well.
    I’m merely a student of knowledge (Allah’s Perfect Ilm)

    I thank deportee for that question, it got me thinking as well.

    Wasalam